The HSE Crisis Pregnancy Programme (formerly the Crisis Pregnancy Agency) is a planning and co-ordinating body established to formulate and implement a strategy to address the issue of crisis pregnancy in Ireland through:
- A reduction in the number of crisis pregnancies by the provision of education, advice and contraceptive services.
- A reduction in the number of women with crisis pregnancies who opt for abortion by offering services and supports which make other options more attractive.
- The provision of counselling services, medical services and such other health services for the purpose of providing support, after crisis pregnancy, as may be deemed appropriate by the Agency.
For more information visit www.crisispregnancy.ie or call 01-8146292
Developing this Campaign
In 2006, the Crisis Pregnancy Agency and the Department of Health and Children published the Irish Study of Sexual Health and Relatioships. It is a nationally representative study. For this study, 7441 Irish people from all over the country were interviewed over the phone. The study was done by the Royal College of Surgeons and the Economic and Social Research Institute.
In this study we found that:
- The majority of young people have sex for the first time at age 17 or older.
- Girls who had sex under age 17 were over 70% more likely to have a crisis pregnancy in their lifetime.
- Girls who had sex under age 17 were three times more likely to have an abortion in their lifetime.
- Boys and girls under 17 were twice as likely to get a sexually transmitted infection in their lifetime.
We also found that:
- Girls and boys who had sex under age 17 were more likely to say that they regretted it, that it was not a natural follow-on in their relationship and that they were not in love with the person.
- They were also more likely to say that they never had sex with that person again.
When we saw these findings, we decided that we should do a campaign to give young people the information they need to make informed decisions for themselves before they had sex for the first time. The first thing we did was spoke to teachers, parents, health promotion officers, youth workers about developing a campaign like this.
Some of the things they told us were:
- Young people need to be re-assured that everyone in their group of friends is not having sex, even though they might give the impression that they are.
- Teenagers, boys and girls, need advice about saying no to people who are pressuring them to have sex.
- The campaign should not be patronising and it should not “talk-down” to teenagers.
After talking to the adults, about 40 people in total, we went out and spoke to teenagers from Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Donegal, Waterford, and Louth.
They told us that:
- It was very common for teenagers, especially boys, to exaggerate about their level of sexual experience.
- Pressure to have sex came from friends or other people in their group who may have had sex themselves.
- In some schools there was pressure to have sex at age 15, in other schools, pressure to have sex did not start until 5th year or 6th year. In some schools, there was no pressure at all.
- Girls who had boyfriends were under more pressure than girls who didn’t.
- Some people thought that you could feel more pressured into having sex if your girlfriend or boyfriend already had sex in a previous relationship.
- Pressure to have sex was worse if you were shy or under confident.
- Teenagers use alcohol as an excuse for behaviour that they regret.
We used this information to develop content for the b4udecide.ie campaign. The campaign is for teenagers most importantly, but it is also for parents, teachers and youth workers, to help them in talking to teenagers in their care about relationships and sex.